There are many different kinds of eye accidents that can occur, with varying degrees of severity. Some might require emergency treatment and immediate care by an optician, while others can be treated at home. Follow these guidelines for routine eye injuries, to determine your next step following an accident. Keep in mind that general preventive measures such as using protective goggles or glasses may be the most effective way to ensure safe vision.
A corneal abrasion or scratched eye is on the more serious end of the spectrum. It can lead to serious harm in a short amount of time and possibly end in blindness. Scratches are often caused by a poke in the eye, or rubbing the eye when there is sand in it. Since a scratch can make your eye susceptible to bacterial infection it's critical that you contact your eye doctor or an emergency room. The best advice for a scratched eye is to keep it loosely closed and to see your optometrist right away to check it out. Touching the eye will only cause more harm and entirely covering the eye can give bacteria a place to grow.
A chemical burn is another serious type of eye injury. It can be traumatic when your are splashed in the eye by an unknown substance. It's important to know what chemical touched your eye. A chemical's basic composition can make a big difference. While acids can cause substantial swelling and burning, they can be rinsed out fairly easily. However, base or alkali chemicals can be much more severe even though they don't seem so since they don't cause as much initial stinging or swelling as acids.
Though it is sometimes unpleasant to think about a serious eye injury, it's always good to be prepared with what to do in potentially hazardous circumstances. By being prepared you can be assured that you'll be ready to handle most common eye injuries. Of course, extra safety measures can help prevent this type of injuries altogether so consult with your eye care practitioner about preventative eye care options!