How Age Affects Your Vision – Presbyopia

Contact your Cincinnati, OH Eye Doctor to Learn More About Treatment Options

Many adults see signs of presbyopia or an impaired ability to focus on things at a close range, as they get older. With the growing international population of older adults, a larger number of individuals develop presbyopia, which currently cannot be avoided.

Many believe that presbyopia is caused because the human eye will often lose flexibility by the age of 40, making it harder for eyes to focus in on an object, particularly an object close by. Those with presbyopia often deal with near visual impairment by holding the paper far away or standing at a distance from the object they want to focus on. Transitions from looking at far away objects to nearer ones can often be tiring for those with presbyopia. The stress might add to one's discomfort resulting in headaches, eye strain or fatigue.

The most common corrections for presbyopia are bifocal lenses or progressives (PALs). A bifocal lens has two prescriptions for vision, the main part of the lens has a prescription for seeing things at a distance and the other part of the lens is for looking at objects that are close by. PALs use the same principal as bifocal lenses, but the transitions between the two prescriptions are more gradual. Wearers can more easily shift focus, as they might, if they had uninhibited eyesight. An alternative would be reading glasses which, unlike bifocals or PALs which are worn all day, are used only as needed.

If contacts are preferable, you might want to consider multifocal contacts. Multifocal contact lenses aren't suitable for everyone and can sometimes be uncomfortable, so it may take a few tries to figure out if and in what combination they work for you.

There are also surgical options available that you may want to discuss with your optometrist. A lot of patients are most successful using a combination of treatments for presbyopia. Also, because your vision will continue to get worse with age, you will probably need to keep adapting your prescription. With the population growing older, there is a significant amount of research being done to identify other effective solutions for the growing number of people dealing with presbyopia.

If you are starting to see signs of presbyopia, call for an appointment with your Cincinnati, OH eye doctor. A return to normal vision is only a phone call away!

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